Mycoplasma Genitalium (MG)

MG is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that infects the urogenital tract in women and men. In women, the vagina, womb (uterus) and fallopian tubes, and urethra may become infected; in men, MG infects the urethra and epididymis (tube that carries sperm).

Scientists have known about this bug since the 1980s, but a recent study suggests that more than one in 100 adults may have it.

MicroGenDX test used in diagnosing MG

A standard culture (growing microbes from your sample in a lab) is technically difficult and often unavailable for MG. Instead of culture, a MicroGenDX test detects the DNA of all microbes in your sample, along with how much of each is present, and uses that information to identify the bacteria in your infection and the drugs that can best treat it. It is important to know that not all antibiotics work for all bacteria, and some even work differently in different areas of the body. Your doctor should consult the “antimicrobials for consideration” chart on your MicroGenDX report to decide what antibiotic is right for you.

Medical specialties treating MG

MG can be treated by a primary care physician, urologist, or OB/GYN.

How MG is treated

MG is treated with antibiotics. It is important to complete the full course of medication as it is prescribed, even when symptoms begin to clear up before you are treated. Some strains of the Mycoplasma genitalium bacterium causing this infection can develop resistance to specific antibiotics, so that they cannot be effectively treated with those antibiotics. This is why all MicroGenDX diagnostic tests include detection of antibiotic resistance genes in your sample, and then provide alternative antibiotics for your doctor to consider prescribing to you.

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