Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). It causes warts, mainly in the genital or rectal areas of both men and women. There are more than 100 different strains of the virus, and the type and appearance of the wart depends on the strain.

Approximately 79 million people in the United States alone have an HPV infection, and about 14 million people become newly infected each year. Anyone who is sexually active can get HPV and genital warts.

MicroGenDX tests used in diagnosing HPV

Sometimes an HPV test is done in the clinic at the same time as a PAP test, so that both can be evaluated in a lab.

An evaluation and culture (growing microbes from your sample in a lab) are often used to diagnose HPV. However, standard cultures may come back negative even when you actually do have an infection, and that means your infection won’t be treated. A MicroGenDX test detects the DNA of all microbes in your sample, along with how much of each is present, and uses that information to identify causes of your infection and the drugs that can best treat it.

Medical specialties treating HPV

HPV can be treated by a primary care physician, urologist, or OB/GYN.

How HPV is treated

Various topical treatments may be used to remove the wart, either completely or a bit at a time. If those medications don’t work, other methods can be tried, including cryotherapy (freezing with liquid nitrogen), electrocautery (burning with an electric current), or surgery.

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